Pelates quadrilineatus, 6.7 cm SL
(photo by Seishi Kimura)

Pelates quadrilineatus, 8.8 cm SL
(photo by Seishi Kimura)

Pelates quadrilineatus
(Bloch, 1790)
Fourlined Terapon

D XII-XIII, 9-11; A III, 9-10; LLp 66-75; GR 16-18 + 22-27.

A moderately small species; body oblong and compressed laterally. Preopercle serrate; lower opercular spine stronger and longer, but not extending beyond margin of opercular lobe; posttemporal bone not expanded or exposed posteriorly, covered with skin and scales. Color: generally silver in color, with 4-6 narrow, dark brown or black horizontal stripes on body; spinous portion of dorsal fin with a black blotch dorsally between third and seventh spines; a blotch of variable intensity behind head, posterior to nape; caudal fin pale or slightly dusky. Size: maximum length about 30 cm, commonly to 20 cm. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to New Guinea. Remarks: a coastal species often found in brackish waters; common in estuaries. Feeds on small fishes and invertebrates.